Useful links



EU Official Documents

European Council & Council of the EU

> General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union , “Handbook of the Pr esidency of the Council of the European Union”, Brussels, 2015, 120 pages, p.81.
> European Council, “Bratislava Declaration and Roadmap”, 16 September 20 16, 6 pages.
> European Council, “Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe – A Global Strategy for the EU’s Foreign and Security Policy”, Brussels, June 2016.
> Council of the EU, “Council Conclusions on stepping-up Joint Programming”, DEVGEN 89-ACP67-RELEX 378, Brussels, 12 May 2016.
> General Secretariat of the Council of the EU, Cultural Affairs Committee, “Draft Council Conclusions on an EU Strategic Approach to International Cultural Relations”, 7935/17, Brussels 5 April 2017, 5 pages.
> Council of the EU, “Council Conclusions on the Work Plan for Culture 2019-2022” 2018/C460/10, Brussels, 21 December 2018
> Council of the EU, “Conclusions on access to culture via digital means with a focus on audience development”, (2017/C 425/03), 12 December 2017, 3 pages.
> General Secretariat of the Council, “Draft Council conclusions on an EU strategic approach to international cultural relations and a framework for action”, 7045/19, Brussels, 21 March 2019.


European Commission

> European Commission, News: “Culture in External Relations at the European Parliament”, 24th February 2016.
> European Commission & High Representative, “Towards an EU strategy for international cultural relations”, JOIN(2016) 29 final, Brussels, 8 June 2016, 16 pages.
> European Commission, “New European Consensus on Development – ‘Our world, our dignity, our future’”, 8th June 2017, 57 pages.
> European Commission, “Strengthening European Identity through Education and Culture. The European Commission’s contribution to the Le aders’ meeting in Gothenburg”, 17 November 2017, 14 pages.
> European Commission, “Special Eurobarometer 466, Cultural Heritage“, Survey Requested by the European Commission DG for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture, December 2017, Wave EB881, 125 pages.
> European Commission, “The European Green Deal“, Communication, COM (2019) 640, 11 December 2019.
> European Commission, “Special Eurobarometer 486, The Europeans, Europeans’ opinion of the future of the EU“, Surv ey requested by the European Commission DG for Communications March 2019, p. 159.
> European Commission, “A New European Agenda for Culture”, COM(2018) 267 final, Brussels, 22 May 2018, 11 pages.
> European Commission, “EU Engagement in the Southern Neighbourhood, Buil ding Bridges Through Culture”, DG NEAR, Brussels, 2018.
> European Commission, “European Framework for Action on Cultural Heritage”, SWD(2018) 491 final, Brussels, 5 December 2018.
> European Commission News, “EU Member States sign up to cooper ate on digitising cultural heritage”, European Commission Website, 9 April 2019.
> European Commission, “Mid-term evaluation of the Creative Europe programme (2014-2020)” SWD(2018) 159 final, Brussels, 30 April 2018.
> European Commission News, “Fifth Meeting of the European Commission’s Expert Group on Digital Cultural Heritage and Europeana (DCHE)”, European Commission Website, 13 May 2019.
> European Commission, EU Aid Explorer,
> European Commission, Termes de références : “Programme Culture Burundi”, Ares(2019)2053466, 24 March 2019, p.5.
> European Commission, Joint Guidelines: EUNIC – EEAS – EC Partnership, Brussels, June 2019 (first edition), 20 pages.
> European Commission, Culture For Future Manifesto, European Commission, Directorate General, DEVCO, Culture4Future Website, August 2019,
> European Commission, “Algorithmic Awareness-Building”, 19 September 2019.
> European Commission News, “Creative Europe: bringing citizens together around classics and heritage”, European Commission Website, 31 October 2019.
> European Commission, “Culture”, International Cooperation and Development.
> European Commission, “New European Cultural Diplomacy Platform launched”, Service for Foreign Policy Instruments (FPI), 31st March 2016,
> European Commission, “Candidate and potential candidate countries”, Culture,
> European Commission, Creative Europe,
> European Commission, “Developing countries”, Culture,
> European Commission, “European Neighbourhood countries”, Culture,
> European Commission, “Fast check on the EU budget”,
> European Commission, “International Organisations and Trade”, Culture,
> European Commission, News: “Culture in External Relations at the European Parliament”, 24th February 2016,
> European Commission, “Strategic partners”, Culture,


European Parliament

> European Parliament, “Resolution of 12 May 2011 on the cultural dimensions of the EU’s external relations”, 2010/2161 (INI), European Parliament, 8 pages.
> European Parliament, European Parliamentary Research Service, Halleux Vivienne. “Sustainable tourism: the environmental dimension”, March 2017
> European Parliament, “Opinion of the Committee on Culture and Education for the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Development on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument”, 2018/0243 (COD), 24 January 2019, 35 pages.
> European Parliament, European Parliamentary Research Service, Del Mar Negreiro M., Madiega T., “Digital Transformation”, Brief, PE 633.171, June 2019,
> European Parliament, “God Exists, Her Name Is Petrunya” wins the Parliament’s 2019 Lux Film Prize, 27 November 2019,


Other EU documents

> EU Committee of the Regions, “Opinion on Creative Europe and the New Agenda for Culture”, Rapporteur János Ádám Karácsony, CDR 3890/2018, 6 February 2019, 18 pages.
> European Economic and Social Committee, Opinion 017/ C288/ 17, 31 August 2017, 9 pages.
> European External Action Service, Delegation of the European Union to Ukraine, “House of Europe Program”, 1st August 2019,
> European Economic and Social Committee, “reUnaissance, A cultural vision for Europe”, 31 October 2019, 16 pages,


EUNIC Documents

> EUNIC Global, “The history of EUNIC Board including presidents and vice-presidents”, EUNIC Global Website,
> EUNIC Global, “EU Neighbourhood East Meeting Report”, 4-6 April 2016, Kiev, Ukraine, 10 Pages,Page 7.
> EUNIC Global, “Neighbourhood South Meeting Report EUNIC”, 27-28 October 2016, Rabat Morocco,2016, 10 pages, Page 8.
> EUNIC Global, “Cluster List”, EUNIC Global,
> EUNIC Global, “Published : Results of EUNIC Cluster Fund 2019”,
> EUNIC Global , “E(uropean) U(ruguayan) Comics para el futuro de nuestro medioambiente”, Projects, 2020, Accesible Online,
> EUNIC Global, Siena University, CReW Project, “Project Description, Cultural Relations at Work”, CReW project website,


Reports, studies, webpages

> Anna Lindh Foundation, “Intercultural trends and social change report”, Anna Lindh Foundation 2018, 139 pages,
> Ait Touati F., Latour B., Théâtre des Amandiers, “Moving Earths”, Nanterre Amandiers, 2019,
> Arroyo, K. (ed.), Mobile Minds: Culture, Knowledge and Change, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, March 2019.
> Arroyo, K. et al., Artists, Displacement and Belonging, Surry Hills, Australia, February 2019.
> Arte, “Financement”,
> BOP Consulting, “Global Cultural Networks: The Value and Impact of British C ouncil International Showcasing”, British Council Website, April 2019, 38 pages, p. 30.
> Bonet L., Calvano G., Univ. Barcelona Héctor Schargorodsky, Univ. Buenos Aires Mónica García, “Cultural Relations: main findings and conclusions”, EULAC Focus, Final Conference, 5 November 2019.
> Bornstein D., CLIMAT, Le théâtre des négociations, 2016 (video),
> Bloomberg J., “Digitalization and Digital Transformation: Confuse Them At Your Peril”, Forbes, 29 April 2018,
> CreatiFi website,
> Carnwath J.D., Brown A.S., Understanding the v alue and impacts of cultural experience – A literature review, Arts Council England/The Hive, 2014.
> Creative Europe Desk UK, “European networks“,
> Culture Action Europe, “About us,”
> Cultural Diplomacy Platform, “International Cultural Relations in practice: Workshop, 23 March 2018“.
> culture Solutions, “Our Theory of Change”,
> culture Solutions Workshop at the European Lab, Lyon, 30 May 2019,
> Crossick G., Kaszynska P., Understanding the value of arts and culture, Cultural Value Project, Arts and Humanities Research Council, 2016,
> Delors, J., Speech at the European Parliament, Strasbourg, 17 January 1989.
> De Rosa, S. et al., I3’s, MediaRoad’s and Vital Media’s Policy Recommendations for the Next Multiannual Financial Framework, September 2018, 17 pages.
> Deutsche Welle, ”Goethe-Institut: looking back on a turbulent year, while planning for 2018”, 13 December 2017,
> Deutsche Welle, “Who finances DW?”, 26 Februrary 2019,
> De Vries G., “Cultural freedom in European Foreign Policy“, Stuttgart, Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen, 2019, 111 pages.
> Diplo, Digital Diplomacy,
> Dorosko Kristine, “The transition from fast fashion to sustainable fashion”, Sustain Europe, 8 October 2018,
> Dutch Culture, “International Cultural Policy Framework 2017-2020”, 19 pages.
> Edinburgh News, “Edinburgh Festival funding slashed by city council”, 13 June 2019,
> EL-CSID, European Leadership in Culture, Science and Innovation Diplomacy, “Final Report”, EL-CSID, Institute for European Studies, VUB, Requested from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, February 2019, 56 pages.
> ERICarts Institute, Compendium on cultural policies and trends, Comparative table of European international cultural cooperation systems, based on country profiles, 19th edition, 2017,
> Eurocities, “Cities’ external cultural relations: trends and actions”, September 2017, 26 pages,
> European Expert Network on Culture and Audiovisual (EENCA), ”Sustainable Cultural Tourism: A mapping document for the OMC”, 2017
> Fernandez Leost, J.A., Acción Cultural Exterior en Europa: un análisis comparado, Fundacion Alternativas, 2015.
> Fribourg Declaration, Cultural Rights, 2007, 12 pages,
> Galeazzi G., Helly D., Culture in EU development policies and external action: Reframing the discussion, ECDPM, 2016.
> Gartner Glossary, “Digitization”,
> Goethe Institut, House of Europe, About Us,
> Helly D., Europe’s diplomacy needs a radio station, European Voice, 9 May 2012,
> Helly, D., More Cultural Europe in the World, Study for More Europe, 2012, 56 pages.
> IETM (endorsed by European Dance house Network), “Position paper on the mid-term evaluation of Creative Europe and recommendations regarding its post-2020 successor”, Brussels, July 2017.
> IGI Global, Dictionnary,
> IGI Global, ”What is Digital Revolution”,
> Interarts, Programme Culture Burundi, État des lieux du secteur et formulation d’une proposition d’action: Rapport final (projet) », FED/2019/405-892, Juin 2019, 36 pages.
> Janssen J., Kunstenpocket #2, (Re)framing the International, Flanders Arts Institute, 2019.
> Kern P., Le Gall A., Pletosu T., “Creative Europe: Towards the Next Programme Generation”, Brussels, KEA, June 2018.
> KEA, BFI Film Forever, “Film Festivals at EU Delegations“, Study for the European Commission, 2014, 158 pages.
> KEA, “Culture: nowhere or everywhere?”, KEA European Affairs 23 September 2019,
> KEA, “Towards an integrated vision for the European Digital Media Sector. Mapping of other existing EU programmes targeting Creative and Cultural Sectors in the Audiovisual field”, 31 October 2018, 51 pages.
> La Lettre.Pro, “Le CA de France Médias Monde Approuve un Budget 2019 à l’équilibre”, 14 February 2019,
> Latour B., “Europe alone – only Europe”, 2017,
> Lokahi Foundation, Building and EU International Exchange Platform on Religion & Social Inclusion, London, United Kingdom, February 2019, 48 pages.
> Marr Bernard, “What is Digital Twin Technology- And why is it so important?” Forbes, 6 March 2017,
> Merkel C. M., Enlarging choices: cultural content and public service media, in UNESCO, Reshaping cultural policies, 2018.
> Meyer-Bisch P., “Pour une vraie démocratie culturelle” (Revue Projet n° 372, La culture, c’est pas du luxe!), November 2019, pp. 67-75.
> Monbiot George, “Finally a breakthrough alternative to growth economics – the doughnut”, The Guardian, 12 April 2017,
> Morganti L., Ranaivoson H., Mazzoli E.M., The Future of Media Innovation European Research Agenda Beyond 2020, Media Road, September 2018, 24 pages.
> More Europe – External Cultural Relations, “What is More Europe?”,
> Nautilus, Interview of Hannay Fry: “There is a need for an algorithm safety agency”, Courriel International, 12 April 2019,
> On the Move, “Operational study Mobility Scheme for Artists and Culture Professionals in Creative Europe countries” (Executive Summary), 31 March 2019, 80 pages, p. 7,
> Oxford Dictionary, “New words notes June 2014”, 2014,
> Public, “The European Union Budget: Member State C ontributions and Expenditures”, 22 May 2019,
> Relais Culture Europe, “Europe Créative: nouvel appel “Rapprocher la culture et le contenu audiovisuel à l’aide du numérique”.
> Rijksmuseum “Jaarverslagen van het Rijksmuseum 2018”,
> RFI, “Festival de Cannes, un budget en or”, 15 May 20 18,
> Sé, “Commission de la culture, de l’éducation et de la communication”, Video, 31 January 2019,—audition-de-mme-marie-christine-saragosse-et-m-peter-limbourg?timecode=2840000
> Sciences Po, Master d’Experimentation en Arts Politiques,
> Sciences Po Médialab, “How do we compose a common world?”, AIME: An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence, 2015,
> VRT NWS,”Cultural sector concerned about proposed funding cuts”, 10 November 2019,
> UN Human Rights Council, Resolution 10/23, Independent expert on cultural rights, 26 March 2009.
> UN Human Rights Council, Report of the independent expert in the field of cultural rights, Ms. Farida Shaheed, submitted pursuant to resolution 10/23 of the Human Rights Council, 22 March 2010.
> UNESCO, Reshaping cultural policies, 2018.
> UNESCO, EU, “UNESCO and Cuba join hands for new major culture initiative Transcultura“, 1st October 2019, retrieved 19 December 2019,
> UNCTAD, Digital Economy Report 2019. Value Creation and Capture: Implications for Developing Countries, United Nations, 2019, 194 pages, p. 147
> Wagner G., European external cultural relations in a nutshell: Achievements, shortcomings, perspectives, Discussion paper written for the German Foreign Office by Gottfried Wagner, Vienna, 2/2019.


Academic sources

> Barcevičius, E. et al., “Analysis of the Perceptions of the EU and EU’s Policies Abroad“, PPMI, NRCE, NFG Research group, 2015 (Funded by the Foreign Policy Instrument FPI).
> Bjola C., Digital diplomacy – the state of the art, Global Affairs, 2016, DOI: 10.1080/23340460.2016.1239372
> Bouchard G., L’Europe à la recherche des Européens. La voie de l’identité et du mythe, Notre Europe Institut Jacques Delors, Novembre 2016, p. 38.
> Beukelaere C. (de) and Spence K., Global Cultural Economy, Routledge, 2018.
> Canali S., “European Union diplomats: an emerging epistemic community?”, CEPOB # 8.19, Bruges, December 2019.
> Chaban, N., and Holland M., eds. Communicating Europe in Times of Crisis: External Perceptions of the European Union, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
> Giddens, A. Turbulent and Mighty Continent: What Future for Europe ?, 2014.
> Keukeleire, S., decentring foreign policy.
> Isar, Y. R., “Culture in EU external relations’: an idea whose time has come?”, International Journal of Cultural Policy, 2015, Vol. 21, No. 4, 494–508,
> Laïdi, Z., Le reflux de l’Europe, 2013.
> Lavery C. (ed.), Performance and Ecology: What can Theatre Do, Routledge, 2019, 118 pages.
> Lucarelli, S., “Seen from the Outside: The State of the Art on the External Image of the EU“, Journal of European Integration, vol. 36, nº 1, 2014, pp. 1-16.
> Miller V., Understanding digital culture. London: Sage, 2011.
> Richieri Hanania, L., “Cultural Diversity and Regional Trade Agreements – The European Union Experience with Cultural Cooperation Frameworks”, (September 28, 2012), Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy (AJWH), Volume 7, Number 2.; or
> Nicolaidis, K., Mutual Recognition: Promise and Denial, from Sapiens to Brexit, Current Legal Problems, Vol. 70, No. 1 (2017), pp. 1–40.
> Nicolaidis, K., on mutual recognition.
> Van der Wurff R., Climate Change Policy of Germany, UK and USA, in Boersema, J. J., Reijnders L., Principles of Environmental Sciences, Springer, 2019, pp 459-471.
> Van Parijs P., Linguistic justice for Europe and for the world, Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press (“Oxford Political Theory“), 2011, 299 pages.
> Youngs R., Europe Reset, IB Tauris, 2018.
> Zielonka J., Is the EU Doomed?, Polity Press, 2014.

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